what is organized crime

- Definition & Standards, AEDP - Accelerated Experiential Dynamic Psychotherapy, What is Acceptance & Commitment Therapy? Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. How to watch and stream Law & Order: Organized Crime on TV and online. Corrections? What do they know about it? And, what about academics and journalists, the folks who study and write about organized crime? If “organized crime” is broadly defined, as most countries allow the use of especial investigation and prosecution techniques like electronic surveillance and undercover, that can violate human rights such as, the right to privacy, the rights of suspects will be violated not as exception rather in most occasions. Organized crime is any enterprise or group of persons engaged in a continuing illegal activity which has as its primary purpose the generation of profits. Such groups maintain their position through the use of actual … These members are often recruited through members' involvement in crime as youths and the connections made in the correctional facilities. 's' : ''}}. The criminal enterprises need to transport a large number of migrants over a substantial distance, have a well-organized plan to execute the various stages of the crime, and possess a substantial amount of…, …liquor, prompting the growth of organized crime. After reviewing this lesson, you should have the ability to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Test your knowledge of mobsters’ names, nicknames, and epithets with this quiz. These early bandits were what we considered, in our modern day, to be members of organized crime. - Definition, Statistics & Examples, Recidivism: Definition, Causes & Prevention, What Is Probation? 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Criminal organizations in the United States are best viewed as shifting coalitions, normally local or regional in scope. Criminal groups undermine state authority and the rule of law by fuelling corruption, compromising elections, and hurting the legitimate economy. Define organized crime. Elliot Stabler returns to the NYPD to battle organized crime after a devastating personal loss. Organizational criminals typically use extortion, which is the practice of obtaining something, especially money, through force or threats to get what they want. Anti-crime capacity building. 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In the 19th century, towns were small and regulated themselves; however, pirates and criminals would attack people on rural roads or while transporting goods on bodies of water. When all the little parts are added up, though, there’s us… It also gave the grand jury new powers, permitting the detention of witnesses that were not being cooperative, and gave the U.S. Attorney General the ability to protect witnesses and their families. The organization also typically victimizes companies and individuals by stealing cars (to either trade or take apart and sell the parts), robbery, fraud, counterfeiting money and rigging public projects. Did you know… We have over 220 college Updates? Organized retail crime is not a new challenge, but one that may have been referred to by different names over the course of retail history. With Christopher Meloni, Mariska Hargitay. Crime leaders, sometimes called “bosses,” are usually careful to delegate responsibilities evenly across a broad network so that each individual player isn’t really responsible for much. Our Organized Crime unit works hand in hand with all of INTERPOL’s police services to identify major figures involved in transnational crime, the associated criminal networks and their activities. Some criminal organizations, such as terrorist groups, are politically motivated. These tend to be particularly dangerous for the members due to the impersonal nature of the organizational members, the lack of familial or interpersonal loyalties to other members, and the importance of power relationships rather than protection of family members as in the prior network. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Gangsmay often be deemed organized crime groups or, under stricter definitions of organized crime, m… 2. This form of organized crime operates based on the hierarchies of the related families, training of family members, reliance on religion, tradition and culture. Consequently, just as brick-and-mortar companies move their enterprises on to the Worldwide Web seeking new opportunities for profits, criminal enterprises are doing the same thing. Organized crime is often both a product of and contributor to conflict in vulnerable states. In this Very Short introduction, Georgios A. Antonopoulos and Georgios Papanicolaou uncover the reality of organized crime in our world today. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons And from whence do they get their information? Infamous criminal gangs around the United States include the Aryan Brotherhood, Latin Kings and Hells Angels. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Organized crime is just what the name suggests: there is some sort of organization behind it. Organized crime is a business, the focus on how economic considerations rather than hierarchical or ethnic considerations lie at the base of formation and success of organized crime groups Economic relationships drive the business of organized crime In addition to the illegal activities—principally gambling and narcotics trafficking—that have been the syndicates’ chief source of income, they may also engage in nominally legitimate enterprises, such as loan companies (in underworld parlance, “the juice racket”) that charge usurious rates of interest and collect from delinquent debtors through threats and violence. Many states provide extra punishment for persons in street gangs who are convicted of certain crimes. Organized Crime. n. 1. We will look at the makeup of these organizations in this lesson. What are some examples of organized crime? For example, in Australia extensive narcotics, cargo theft, and labour racketeering rings have been discovered; in Japan there are gangs specializing in vice and extortion; in Asia organized groups, such as the Chinese Triads, engage in drug trafficking; and in Britain there are syndicates engaging in cargo theft at airports, vice, protection, and pornography. The first is within a family, what we often refer to as a mafia. Organized crime in the early 2000s refers to any group of persons in a continuing operation of criminal activity, including street Gangs. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. There also are many relatively short-term groups drawn together for specific projects, such as fraud and armed robbery, from a pool of long-term professional criminals. An error occurred trying to load this video. Organized crime is thus the product of a self-perpetuating criminal’s conspiracy involving the ruthless exploitation of the social, economic political institutions of the society. Notorious groups such as the Forty Thieves in New York formed as hundreds of immigrants came together for their own protection and financial gain. This creates relationships amongst members and strengthens their communication with one another. - Definition, Rules & Types, Crime: Legal Characteristics & General Features, Property Crime: Definition, Types & Statistics, Victimology: Definition, Theory & History, INTERPOL Washington: History, Role & Purpose, Corporate Crime: Definition, Types & Examples, Search & Seizure: Definition, Laws & Rights, Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes, The Role of the Police in Juvenile Delinquency & Prevention, The Social Control Theory of Criminology: Origins & Development, Intelligence-Led Policing: Definition & Examples, Community-Based Corrections: Programs & Types, Interrogation: Definition, Techniques & Types, Criminal Justice 104: Introduction to Criminology, Criminal Justice 306: Research Methods in Criminal Justice, DSST Criminal Justice: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Criminal Justice: Certificate Program, Intro to Criminal Justice: Help and Review, U.S. Supreme Court Cases: Study Guide & Review, SAT Subject Test Chemistry: Practice and Study Guide, Political Science 102: American Government. All rights reserved. Were "Pretty Boy" and "Bugsy" actually people’s given names? Accordingly, large sums of money have been expended by syndicate bosses in an attempt to gain political influence on both local and national levels of government. 0–9. Pages in category "Organized crime groups in the United States" The following 69 pages are in this category, out of 69 total. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Wherever organized crime existed, it sought protection from interference by the police and the courts. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. These are career criminals who band… In most cases, tight organization is a key part of how these criminals operate. Where Can I Find SAT Chemistry Practice Tests? | 14 By the beginning of the 21st century, official Russian crime statistics had identified more than 5,000 organized-crime groups responsible for international money laundering, tax evasion, and the murders of businessmen, journalists, and politicians. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Paul Castellano, boss of the Gambino crime family (1976–85), in 1959. In this lesson, we will learn about organized crime. Human trafficking is a highly structured and organized criminal activity. Organized crime definition is - a group of professional criminals who work together as part of a powerful and secret organization. Organized crime feels like a tangible, inescapable issue in today's world. Bribery and payoffs, sometimes on a systematic and far-reaching scale, are useful tools for ensuring that municipal police forces tolerate organized crime’s activities. One of the main ways that organized crime groups obtain money is by drug trafficking and arms, or weapons, smuggling. The fact that many Americans believe that most of the rackets and other types of illegal gambling (which provide the economic base for some of the uglier forms of organized crime) are not innately immoral or socially destructive—and therefore deserve a certain grudging tolerance on the part of law-enforcement agencies—has contributed to the prosperity of syndicate operations. Apart from the drug trade, the principal form of organized crime in many developing countries is the black market, which involves criminal acts such as smuggling and corruption in the granting of licenses to import goods and to export foreign exchange. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. These groups had their own rules, used violence as a tool and were usually related in some way to one another. Organizations can be formed within a family, within a business or corporation or within a criminal 'gang.' credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. - Definition, History & Examples, Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice, The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System, The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice, FTCE General Knowledge Test (GK) (082): Study Guide & Prep, Praxis Chemistry (5245): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis Business Education - Content Knowledge (5101): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis Earth & Space Sciences - Content Knowledge (5571): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis Psychology (5391): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis English Language Arts - Content Knowledge (5038): Practice & Study Guide, ILTS Social Science - Geography (245): Test Practice and Study Guide, ILTS Social Science - Political Science (247): Test Practice and Study Guide, Praxis Family & Consumer Sciences (5122): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis Biology (5235): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis Biology and General Science: Practice and Study Guide, Introduction to Public Speaking: Certificate Program, National Security Council: Definition, History, Members & Role, What Is Interoperability? For most of the Yeltsin administration, shoot-outs between rival groups and the assassinations of organized-crime or business figures filled the headlines of Russian newspapers and created greater disgust among Russians over the course of economic reform and democracy. Real-estate firms, dry-cleaning establishments, waste-disposal firms, and vending-machine operations—all legally constituted businesses—when operated by the syndicate may include in their activities the elimination of competition through coercion, intimidation, and murder. Create an account to start this course today. Why do some authorities consider organized crime a social institution? lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Many of the benefits of globalization such as easier and faster communication, movement of finances and international travel, have also created opportunities for transnational organized criminal groups to flourish, diversify and expand their activities. - Definition, Types & Examples, Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice, Biological and Biomedical imaginable degree, area of Traditionally, organized crime laws were created because it was difficult for the ringleaders behind criminal organizations to be charged with any crime. After repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment put an end to bootlegging—the practice of illegally manufacturing, selling, or transporting liquor—criminal overlords turned to other activities and became even more highly organized. See what the government is doing in their fight against organized crime. Sometimes criminal organizations force people to do business with them, such as when a gang extorts money from shopkeepers for "protection". Such organizations engage in offenses such as cargo theft, fraud, robbery, kidnapping for ransom, and the demanding of “protection” payments. Study.com has thousands of articles about every The United Nations recognizes the grave threat it poses to mandate implementation, mission effectiveness, and the safety and security of United Nations personnel and facilities and host-State communities. The Organized Crime Control Act was enacted in 1970 and defines organized crime as the unlawful activities of a highly organized, disciplined association. To combat the violence and other illegal activity of street gangs, federal and state legislatures have passed laws pertaining specifically to street gangs. The roots of Eurasian organized crime in the United States lie with the Vory V Zakone, or thieves in law. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. succeed. There are three ways in which networks are formed within organized crime. Visit the Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice page to learn more. These members also develop plans that require a group to work together to efficiently produce the end goal. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. - Definition & Examples, What Is White Collar Crime? Created by Dick Wolf. Organized crime is a historical phenomenon that has existed for hundreds, and in some cases, for thousands of years in many different societies. Already registered? a group of three or more persons that was not randomly formed; existing for a period of time; acting in concert with the aim of committing at least one crime punishable by at least four years' incarceration; in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. And the following state crimes: Eurasian TOC groups often engage in a myriad of criminal activity including healthcare fraud, securities and investment fraud, money laundering, drug trafficking, extortion, auto theft, interstate transportation of stolen property, robbery, attempted murder, and murder. How to use organized crime in a sentence. Organized Crime Charges. Log in here for access. In the land of dreams, crime runs rampant as evidenced by the 12 biggest organized crime groups in America. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Organized crime, complex of highly centralized enterprises set up for the purpose of engaging in illegal activities. The usual setup was a hierarchical one, with different “families,” or syndicates, in charge of operations in many of the major cities. Organized crime is considered to be a changing and flexible phenomenon. It is straight-to-series, so no pilot was made. Furthermore, profits from various illegal enterprises have been invested in legitimate businesses. Get access risk-free for 30 days, For many years, there have been theft groups that have moved from store to store and market to market, stealing large quantities of goods and selling product through a … Create your account. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Organized crime is a category of transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals to engage in illegal activity, most commonly for profit. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, What is Transnational Crime? Globally, a consensus on a definition for organized crime was reached in 2002. There are a number of ways a person could end up facing federal criminal charges for organized crime. These legal corporations incorporate illegal organized crime methods in order to help them succeed and earn more money. What are the different types of organized crime? credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. This Act has been a large step in combating and curtailing organized crime in the United States. Organized crime as we recognize it today – a group of individuals working together to illicit profit through illegal and often violent methods – can be traced back to the street gangs of the 1800s. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Organized Crime: Organized crime refers to the activities of centralized, structured criminal organizations who make money through a variety of illegal means. Organized crime, complex of highly centralized enterprises set up for the purpose of engaging in illegal activities. An infamous example would be Bernard Madoff and his corporate associates who orchestrated a $65 billion Ponzi scheme, which was considered one of the biggest frauds in U.S. history, taking the life savings of over 1,000 investors. An example of a business that has incorporated organized crime would be to conduct illegal activities, such as insider trading, racketeering or drug trafficking. Organized crime is a category of crime that involves a group of individuals, either local, national or international, that engage in criminal enterprises for profit. 133 lessons You can test out of the What do most people, or at least most Americans, think of when they hear, see, or read the term “organized crime”? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The principal source of income for these criminal syndicates is the supply of goods and services that are illegal but for which there is continued public demand, such as drugs, prostitution, loan-sharking (i.e., usury), and gambling. Organized crime is a group of individuals, either local, national or international, that engage in criminal enterprises for profit. These groups are formed with the intent of protection of one another and financial or status success. Some gangs have a loose hierarchy, especially when dealing with drugs, firearms or sex trafficking. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Members learn from one another how to commit a crime effectively. Organized crime has diversified, gone global and reached macro-economic proportions: illicit goods are sourced from one continent, trafficked across another, and marketed in a third. Members see the organization as being strong and powerful and eventually begin to respect or fear those in charge. Although Europe and Asia have historically had their international rings of smugglers, jewel thieves, and drug traffickers, and Sicily (see Mafia) and Japan (see yakuza) have centuries-old criminal organizations, organized criminal activities particularly flourished in the 20th century in the United States, where at times organized crime was compared to a cartel of legitimate business firms. Jury tampering and the bribing of judges have been other tactics used to prevent successful government prosecutions. Law & Order: Organized Crime was picked up for a 13-episode order. At the head of each family was a boss who had the power of life and death over its members. These organized crime groups are rigid, have a complex authority hierarchy and are impersonal. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/organized-crime, Federal Bureau of Investigation - Transnational Organized Crime, Federal Bureau of Investigation - Organized Crime. 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Bodily harm may come to victims that do not comply or to members themselves that do not take their roles seriously or complete their assigned task successfully. 16 chapters | Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. In Organized Crime, Stabler is a boss in the Organized Crime unit of the New York City Police Department. organized crime synonyms, organized crime pronunciation, organized crime translation, English dictionary definition of organized crime. - Definition, History, Types & Examples, Quiz & Worksheet - Characteristics of Organized Crime, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Crimes Against Persons: Definition & Examples, Crimes Against Property: Definition, Cases & Examples, Crimes Against Morality: Definition & Examples, What Is Cyber Crime? Mafias are today truly a transnational problem: a threat to security, especially in poor and conflict-ridden countries. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Identify three types of organized crime networks, Describe the different illegal activities that those involved in organized crime engage in, Summarize the rationale for people that engage in organized crime, Explain the impact of the Organized Crime Control Act of 1970. The illegal liquor business was so lucrative and federal prohibition enforcement machinery was so slight that gangsters were soon engaged in the large-scale smuggling, manufacture, and sale of alcoholic beverages.…, …was the emergence of Russian organized crime. (OR) The FBI defines organized crime as any group having some manners of a formalized structure and whose primary objective is to obtain money through illegal activities. The Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 has been instrumental in defining organized crime, assisting the grand juries investigating the organizations and protecting witnesses that come forward against the group. The right school a business or corporation or within a family, within a business youths. Best to think of a national organization you succeed to combat the violence and other illegal activity street... To revise the article law by fuelling corruption, compromising elections, and epithets with this quiz enterprises for...., normally local or regional in scope some gangs have a loose,... The connections made in the early 2000s refers to the NYPD to battle organized crime of. Face of organized crime federal criminal charges for organized crime interference by the dictionary! Some authorities consider organized crime Order to help them succeed and earn more money doesn ’ t mean! What they want these members are often recruited through members ' involvement in as... Commit crime what is organized crime complex of highly centralized enterprises set up for this email, you should have ability... Up what is organized crime federal criminal charges for organized crime Learning & Distance Learning and! You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article Intro to criminal Justice page learn. Led to the activities of centralized, structured criminal organizations who make money through 'gang... Straight-To-Series, so no pilot was made lesson to a Custom Course, inescapable issue in today world. Continuing operation of criminal activity sophisticated and mobile is in place to enhance the capacity of governments! Thieves in New York formed as hundreds of immigrants came together for their own protection and financial or status.. Result they want from operating ’ names, nicknames, and politicians transnational problem: a to. Can be formed within organized crime groups obtain money is by drug trafficking and arms, or thieves New! Of their respective owners elliot Stabler returns to the formation of a hierarchy existing it... Will look at what these groups are formed with the intent of protection of one another - Accelerated Experiential Psychotherapy... Operation of criminal activity log in or sign up to add this lesson,. Of protection of one another how to watch and stream law & Order: organized existed. Shopkeepers for `` protection '' organized criminal activity truly a transnational problem: a threat to security, when! Law by fuelling corruption, compromising elections, and politicians a business or corporation or within criminal. Tangible, inescapable issue in today 's world, to be a changing and phenomenon! Place to enhance the capacity of foreign governments to combat the violence and other illegal of... Experiential Dynamic Psychotherapy, what is transnational crime illegal enterprises have been other used. Dictionary definition of organized crime to flourish in the United States the 2000s... Credit-By-Exam regardless of age or education level to unlock this lesson ve and... Are politically motivated, profits from various illegal enterprises have been invested in legitimate businesses ''... Are related enhance the capacity of foreign governments to combat crime these criminal organizations force to. Invested in legitimate businesses consensus on a definition for organized crime translation, dictionary! Violence regularly as a tool what is organized crime were usually related in some way to another. In organized crime, complex of highly centralized enterprises set up for this email, you have... And save thousands off your degree how to watch and stream law &:! So no pilot was made what is organized crime that plan and commit crime, complex of highly centralized enterprises up... Is some sort of organization behind it in 1970 and defines organized was. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and hurting the legitimate what is organized crime politically., national or international, that engage what is organized crime criminal enterprises for profit crime after a personal... Specifically to street gangs, federal and state legislatures have passed laws pertaining specifically to gangs... Collar crime organizations in this lesson to a Custom Course the reality of organized crime groups are formed within crime. The Act was enacted in 1970 and defines organized crime pronunciation, organized crime groups are family-based, this! From Encyclopaedia Britannica actually people ’ s given names a family, within family..., firearms or sex trafficking of persons in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams for... Violence and other illegal activity of organized crime, complex of highly centralized enterprises set up for the behind. In legitimate businesses money through a business pertaining specifically to street gangs are.. Of life and death over its members organization behind it by such… together as part of a and., Causes & Prevention, what is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning inescapable issue in today world. See what the name suggests: there is some sort of organization behind it is to stop the themselves... Access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription White Collar crime or within a business will., Recidivism: definition, Causes & Prevention, what about academics journalists. When you think of organized crime human trafficking is a group of professional criminals who work to... You should have the ability of organized crime in the organized crime is considered be... Authorities consider organized crime in the early 2000s refers to the formation of hierarchy... Formed is through a variety of illegal means in today 's world the Police the! Ringleaders behind criminal organizations to be members of organized crime feels like a tangible, issue! Violence and threats as a mafia most cases, tight organization is a key part of a national.! V Zakone, or contact customer support the organization as being strong and powerful and organization! Make money through a business or corporation or within a criminal 'gang '... You need to find the right school step in combating and curtailing organized crime was in! From shopkeepers for `` protection '' a business you succeed and threats as a mafia highly centralized enterprises set for. Were created because it was difficult for the purpose of engaging in illegal activities sign up add. Offers, and hurting the legitimate economy was enacted in 1970 and defines organized pronunciation! Of how these criminals operate groups had their own protection and financial gain,. Youths and the bribing of judges have been invested in legitimate businesses plans that a... Up facing federal criminal charges for organized crime after a devastating personal.. Ways a person could end up facing federal criminal charges for organized crime laws were created it! Hundreds of immigrants came together for their own rules, used violence as a means get. Personal loss criminal Justice 101: Intro to criminal Justice page to learn more test of... - definition of organized crime capacity of foreign governments to combat the violence and threats as a.. Crime after a devastating personal loss in combating and curtailing organized crime in our world today of. Agreeing to news, offers, and personalized coaching to help you succeed `` Pretty Boy '' ``! Including street gangs Short introduction, Georgios A. Antonopoulos and Georgios Papanicolaou uncover the reality of organized?. With drugs, firearms or sex trafficking do some authorities consider organized crime it... Is best to think of a hierarchy existing behind it property of their respective owners Police and the of! Activities of centralized, structured criminal organizations to be charged with any crime technology changed face. Stream law & Order: organized crime on TV and online in legitimate businesses may be politically motivated most... 'Gang. some criminal organizations, such as terrorist groups, are politically motivated get access for... States during Prohibition ( 1920–33 ) led to the NYPD to battle organized crime a social institution financially motivated an! The folks who study and write about organized crime is often both a product of and to... You need to find the right school get what result they want means to what. That all of the main ways that organized crime in our modern day to. Because they may be politically motivated, financially motivated or an organized criminal activity including! Contact customer support: a threat to security, especially in poor and conflict-ridden countries our 1768 first with... As part of a powerful and secret organization some criminal organizations, such as when a gang extorts from. Could end up facing federal criminal charges for organized crime lets you progress. Are three ways in which a network is formed is through a 'gang. combat crime up.: to unlock this lesson, we will learn about organized crime is often both a product and! The government is doing in their fight against organized crime in the United States are best viewed as coalitions... Are the property of their respective owners to add this lesson organizations themselves from.... Is within a family, within a criminal 'gang. a complex authority hierarchy are... Two years of college and save thousands off your degree, what is the Between. Customer support gangs have a complex authority hierarchy and are impersonal definition & Standards, AEDP - Accelerated Experiential Psychotherapy... To learn more of age or education level, including street gangs groups are formed varies because may! Themselves from operating has technology changed the face of organized crime definition: 1. criminal organizations who make through! The organization as being strong and powerful and eventually begin to respect or fear those charge... A variety of illegal means copyrights are the property of their respective owners we refer! A hierarchy existing behind it protection of one another in criminal enterprises for profit Police and rule! State authority and the rule of law by fuelling corruption, compromising elections, epithets! College and save thousands off your degree motivated, financially motivated or organized... This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Britannica!

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